An electric stove is typically a device having an integrated electric heating functionality to bake and cook. Electric stoves gained lots of fame as replacements for the so-called solid fuel-fuel stoves (coal/wood), which needed more labour to operate and maintain. The electric stove burners may be regulated by a rotary switch with a fixed number of positions, each of which features a different combination of resistance and hence a different heating capability.
When an electric stove is in operation, electricity runs to a cable inside the coils on the cooktop. Smooth top ovens have an internal coil which is located below the cooking surface. By turning on the dial on the stove, electric current flows through the coil, thus heating up the metal. It is possible to tell if electricity is flowing to the cooktop when it displays a bright orange colour. Of course, the more you turn the dial, the more power flows to your burner and the hotter it gets.
Despite being highly efficient, electric ovens will always develop a couple of problems down the line. Even though it is highly recommended that you should only seek the help of a highly qualified technician, some of these issues can easily be solved by you. So let us examine some common electric stove repair problems.
Electric stove can’t heat properly
If the lights on your range are okay or some of the coils are functioning properly, then this implies that you’ll have to inspect the heating elements for damage. Again, this could potentially indicate that you have an internal ignition switch that is broken. Even worse, the coil elements may not be correctly plugged in. All these are possible issues which could cause loose connections or none at all.
In this case, you’ll first have to check your circuit breakers in a bid to confirm if your oven has power. If there is power, then examine your heating elements for damage. The best possible way to do this is by turning your oven on high and wait for its elements to glow. Common symptoms of damage could include half the elements failing to burn. Also, activate the broil function and inspect the broiler elements. After confirming that the elements are faulty, turn off your stove and disconnect the elements and seek for replacement.
Your electric stove can’t adjust the temperature of the burners
When this particular problem happens, your burner will attain the highest heating setting and stay there, no matter where you set the knob. On most occasions, this is caused by a faulty ignition switch. You’ll have to contact a local electrical repair specialist for inspection and repair.
There are sparks when you turn on the stove
These potentially dangerous sparks are as a result of several possible things. One notable culprit is that the element could have experienced internal damage from excessive weight or extreme temperatures. The other possible cause could be that your electric stove has loose wires or connections somewhere.
The coils of your stove keep moving around when a pan is placed on them
Though not a serious problem, it is typically annoying and is caused by not having the ideal tray beneath the coil. Not only do the plates prevent food from leaking into the stove but they equally secure the coils. You might also be having a coil which is not the right size for the burner, a phenomenon that may allow it to wiggle when disturbed.